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Taken from the Massage Therapy Body of Knowledge (MTBOK) Version 1.0

Section 510 Appendix A - Muscle List

Neck, Head and Face

• Splenius Capitis and Cervicis.
• Sternocleidomastoid.
• Scalenus Anterior, Medius and Posterior.
• Longus Capitus and Colli.
• Masseter.
• Temporalis.
• Lateral and Medial Pterygoids.
• OccipitoFrontalis.
• Sub Occipital Group.

Spine and Trunk

• Erector Spinae.
- Iliocostalis.
- Longissimus.
- Spinalis.
• Transversospinalis.
- Semispinalis.
- Rotatores.
- Multifidus.
• Abdominals
- Rectus Abdominis
- External Obliques
- Internal Obliques
- Transverse Abdominals
• Illioposas
• Diaphragm
• Internal and External Intercostals

Shoulder

• Trapezius
• Levator Scapulae
• Rhomboids Major and Minor
• Serratus Anterior
• Pectoralis Major and Minor
• Deltoid
• Supraspinatus
• Infraspinatus
• Teres Minor
• Subscapularis
• Teres Major
• Latissimus Dorsi
• Coracobrachialis

Elbow and Forearm

• Biceps Brachii
• Brachialis
• Brachioradialis
• Triceps Brachii
• Supinator
• Pronator Teres
• Pronator Quadratus
• Anconeus

Wrist Flexors

• Flexor Carpi Radialis
• Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
• Palmaris Longus
• Flexor Digitorum Superficialis (Sublimis) and Longus
• Flexor Digitorum Profundus

Wrist Extensors

• Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus and Brevis
• Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
• Extensor Digitorum

Thumb Movers

• Flexor Pollicis Longus and Brevis
• Extensor Pollicis Longus and Brevis
• Opponens Pollicis
• Abductor Pollicus Longus and Brevis

Hip

• Adductors
- Pectineus
- Adductor Brevis
- Adductor Longus
- Adductor Magnus
- Gracilis
• Gluteus
- Maximus
- Medius
- Minimus
• Quadratus Lumborum
• Sartorius
• Tensor Fascia Latae
• Piriformis
• Gemellus Superior and Inferior
• Obturator Internus and Externus
• Quadratus Femoris

Knee

• Quadriceps Femoris
- Rectus Femoris
- Vastus Lateralis
- Vastus Medialis
- Vastus Intermedius
• Hamstrings
- Biceps Femoris
- Semitendinosus
- Semimembranosus
• Popliteus

Leg, Ankle and Foot

• Gastrocnemius
• Soleus
• Tibialis Anterior

• Tibialis Posterior

• Flexor Digitorum Longus
• Flexor Hallucis Longus
• Peroneus Longus and Brevis
• Extensor Digitorum Longus and Brevis
• Extensor Hallucis Longus
• Plantaris

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